Noah -- Genesis 6:9-11:32

Pieter_Bruegel_the_Elder_-_The_Tower_of_Babel_(Vienna)_-_Google_Art_Project_-_editedFor ten generations, the descendants of Noah remained bound as a single people with a unifying language. Following the construction of the Tower of Babel, however, these seventy united nations are scattered, dispersed across the face of the Earth. Today, amidst so many interconnected but unique cultures and ethnicities, we continue our journey toward making sense of this diaspora.

The renowned Czech-German writer Franz Kafka (1883 – 1924) once quipped in his Zürau Aphorisms:

If it had been possible to build the Tower of Babel without having to climb it, that would have been sanctioned.

Is the dispersion of the diaspora something “sanctioned” by our own inability to live in a unified state, as Kafka slyly suggests, or should all of the Jewish people unite in Zion as we intone each year at the conclusion of our seder?

The story of the Tower of Babel, which comes at the end of this week’s reading, inspires us to revisit the parsha's opening story of Noah. Noah is the only righteous person left standing in a world bereft of morality, and so he is called upon by God to design and build a wooden ark to escape the deluge that is about to wipe out all of Creation. Noah gathers his family and two members of each animal species to ensure continuity after the flood. The ark settles on Mount Ararat after 40 days and nights of rainfall, which recedes 150 days later. From the window of the ark, Noah sends forth a raven, followed by a series of doves to find any traces of dry land. Finally Noah exits the ark, in a sense restarting the process of creation by repopulating the earth.

During this new beginning, a covenant of the rainbow is made by God, who testifies to never again destroy all of humanity. With the flood's dramatic destruction fresh in mind, it is decreed that, henceforth, murder is a capital offense, and flesh or blood taken from a living animal is prohibited (while properly slaughtered meat is permitted to be eaten).

Noah drinks from the first produce of his vineyard, and becomes intoxicated. Again, this righteous exemplar is being tested. This time, we see just how effective Noah has been as a paragon through the behavior of his offspring: Shem and Japheth cover their exposed father, while Ham takes advantage of his vulnerability.

Considering the Babel story again in light of Noah's tale, we see that the model for celebrating diversity amidst dispersion appears in the covenant of the rainbow rather than the bricks and mortar of Babel.

- Rabbi Glazer

Image credit: "The Tower of Babel," by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1563

Listen to the audio file of this d'var Torah below!
[audio mp3="http://bethsholomsf.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/TorahByte_ParshaNoach_5776.mp3"][/audio]